Officially the Kingdom of Bahrain is a small country situated near the western shores of the Arabian Gulf. It is an archipelago of 33 islands, the largest being Bahrain Island, at 55 km long by 18 km wide. Saudi Arabia lies to the west ans is connected to Bahrain by King Fahad Causeway. The peninsula of Qatar is to the southeast across the Gulf of Bahrain. The planned Qatar Bahrain Causeway will link Bahrain and Qatar and become the world's longest marine causeway. Bahrain today has a very high Human Development Index and the World Bank identified it as a high income economy.
Bahrain is famous for its natural pearls which was the backbone of the economy before the Discovery of oil. The central hilly area of Jebel Al Dukhan has the highest concentration of oil wells.
As a tourist destination, Bahrain received over eight million visitors in 2008 though the exact number varies early. Most of these are from the surrounding Arab states although an increasing number hail from outside the region due to the growing awareness of the kingdom's heritage and its higher profile as a result of the Bahrain International F1 Circuit.
Bahrain is well-knowned by Brazilians for its International F1 Circuit, but this small Kingdom has much more to offer to tourists, like Al Khamis Mosque, one of the oldest in the region, the Arad Fort, in Muharraq and the Barbar Temple, an ancient and sacred local in the region. Besides that, Bahrain offer an varied array of beaches, islands ans important Museums.
Manamá is the capital city and biggest city in the country, with a population of approximately 155.000 inhabitants. For centuries has been an important trade Center of the Persian Gulf and nowadays offers many attractions and diversity to be seen.
An annual Spring Festival is held in the Kingdom, always in the month of March, and presents many internationally renowned musicians and great names of performing arts.
There are several major malls in Bahrain that offer international shops and luxury boutiques. A visit to the local souq is a must. With stunning jewellery and many gifts, is also home to many excellent tailors.
Bahrein is also an strong Corporate Destination, with numerous 5-star hotels and convention centers. In addition to hotel venues, the Bahrain International Exhibition & Conference Centre (BECA) is the largest convention centre in the country.